Exam Info and Alerts

NSIC Reqruitment 2016 Invites Applications for 71 Posts: Apply Before 11 july 2016

National Small Industries Corporation 2016 invites applications for the various posts. Last date of  online registration ends on 11 july 2016.

Job Details:

Sr. No. Name of the Post No. of Post Qualification Salary Per Annum Maximum Age
001 General Manager 11 MBA/B-Tech/B.E/CA 10 lakhs 50 years
002 Chief Manager 05 B-Tech 10 lakhs 42 years
003 Deputy Manager 25 MBA/B-Tech/B.E/CA 6.60 lakhs 35 years
004 Assistant Manager 30 MBA/B-Tech/B.E/CA 5.07 lakhs 30 years

Last Date of Online Registration: 11 july 2016

Date of Exam: Shall be intimated shortly

Nationality: Indian

Job Location: All India

Application Fee: Rs.500/-(For General Manager), Rs.400/-(For Chief Manager/ Deputy Manager/ Assistant Manager)

How to Apply: candidates are required to apply in the prescribed application format (A-4 Size). The candidate should paste the recent passport size colour photograph in the space provided in the Application Form. The duly filled in Application Form along with the necessary documents and Application fee (Demand Draft) has to be sent by Ordinary Post / Registered Post / Speed Post / Courier / By Hand to Deputy General Manager - Human Resources The National Small Industries Corporation "NSIC Bhawan" Okhla Industrial Estate, New Delhi - 110020 on or before 11/07/2016 up to 6:00 PM. 

Read More
Read Less

How many numbers of candidates give UPSC/IAS exam every year?

UPSC civil services exam is one of the most reputed exam in the country and the toughest exam to crack covering a wide range of syllabus.

Let us see what educational qualification is required to sit in the civil service exam:

Any degree (graduation).
From the following:

  1. any of the Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India.

  2. other Educational institutions established by an Act of  Parliament.

  3. declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.

  4. possess an equivalent qualification.

Note: Final year students can also apply.

How many attempts are allowed for UPSC Civil Services Exam?

A general category candidate has an age-limit of 32 years, but that doesn’t mean that he can write this exam as many times as he wish. There are some restrictions on the number of times this exam can be taken, which again is different for different categories.

  1. Number of attempts for IAS exam : General Category :6 attempts till 32 years of age.

  2. Number of attempts for IAS exam :OBC :9 attempts till 35 years of age.

  3. Number of attempts for IAS exam :SC/ST :unlimited attempts till 37 years of age.

NB: Physically Handicapped /disabled candidates belonging to General category will get the benefit of 9attempts till the age prescribed by UPSC – 42 years.

Number of students appearing in UPSC Civil services exam:

As many as by 452,334 candidates appeared for the examination on August 24. Of these, 16,933 candidates have qualified to appear in civil services (main) examination This year the civil services examination was conducted at 2,137 venues across 59 cities in the country. Every year number of students appearing the exam is increasing. On an average, there was about 40% increase in the number of candidates who appeared for the exam than previous year. Hence, the competition is also tough.

Selection of optionals in UPSC/IAS exam:

Beginners and most candidates prefer subjects which is easy to score. Some of the optionals that are considered scoring are Public Administration and Geography. Other popular subjects are History, Sociology and Language optionals like Hindi literature, Tamil literature etc. You should choose the optional in which you have knowledge and which interests you.

Success Rate in UPSC/IAS exam:

The examination is conducted in three stages - preliminary, main and interview - to select candidates for prestigious Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) among others.

As per the study, majority of candidates are rejected for inappropriate application while others do not qualify for the mains. Even if you qualify for mains, you need to crack the interview for final selection. So, if 5 candidates appear for the interview , it may happen than 2 of them are finally selected.

A proper UPSC/ IAS preparation strategy will help you achieve your dream for the examination.


Read More
Read Less
View All Comments

BSF 2016 Recruitment for 1183 Vacancies

Recently, Ministry of Home Affairs Directorate General Border Security Force came out with a mega recruitment drive of filling 1183 vacancies that was announced through an official advertisement regarding BSF Recruitment 2016 for the selection of eligible candidates.

The pay band offered is Rs.5200-20200/- with different grade pay with admissible allowances.

If you are willing to join Indian defence, then do not miss this golden opportunity. The chances of getting selected under BSF 2016 Recruitment for 1183 Vacancies are really high as this is a mega recruitment drive.

This article is to assist you well about the BSF 2016 Recruitment for 1183 Vacancies so that you apply as prescribed in the official notification.

The table below shows the complete details about BSF recruitment 2016 drive:

Asst Sub Inspector (RM): 152 Posts

The posts available under it category-wise are:

*      UR: 76

*      OBC: 41

*      SC: 23

*      ST: 12

Head Constable (Radio Operator): 470 Posts

The posts available under it category-wise are:

*      UR: 353

*      OBC: 30

*      SC: 52

*      ST: 65

Constable (Tradesmen) (Male)

The posts available under it category-wise are:

*      Cobbler: 67

*      Tailor: 28

*      Carpenter: 02

*      Draughtsmen: 01

*      Painter: 05

*      Cook: 140

*      Water Carrier: 49

*      Washer Man: 49

*      Barber: 42

*      Sweeper: 147

*      Waiter: 24

*      Mali: 01

*      Khoji: 06

Educational Qualifications needed for the BSF 2016 Recruitment for 1183 Vacancies

Name of the Post

Educational Qualifications required

Age Criteria


Matric with 3 Years Diploma in Radio and TV Technology or Electronics or Telecommunication or Computer or Electrical or Mechanical Engineering or Domestic Appliances.

For General Category: 18-25 Years

For OBC Category: 18-28 Years

For SC & ST Category: 18-30 Years


Matriculation or equivalent and two year Industrial Training institute Certificate in Radio and TV or Electronics or Intermediate or 10+2 or equivalent with physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

Constable (Tradesmen)

Matriculation or equivalent with relevant experience.

Between 18-23 Years as on 01st August, 2016

Important Dates for the BSF 2016 Recruitment for 1183 Vacancies

For ASI/HC Posts:

  • Apply from 16-06-2016 to 15-07-201.
  • OMR Based Screening Test: 25-09-2016
  • Written Exam: 18-12-2016
  • PST, PET, Documentation & Final Medical: 20-03-2017 On wards

For BSF Constables Posts:

Apply within 30 days from the publication of advertisement in employment news. 

Read More
Read Less

1744 vacancies in Bihar SSC 2016 - Online Registration ends on 19th july 2016

Bihar Staff Selection Commission 2016 invites applications for various posts. Candidate can apply before19th july 2016.

Vacancy Details:

Name of the Post No. of Posts Qualification Age(in years) Salary Application Fee
Trade Instructor(ITI) 582 ITI 21 to 42 Rs. 9300/- to 34800/- + Grade Pay Rs. 4200 Rs.800/-
Trade Instructor 696 Diploma/Degree 21 to 42 Rs. 9300/- to 34800/- + Grade Pay Rs. 4200 Rs. 800/-
Driver 466 10th pass/ Equivalent 18 to 42 Rs. 5200/- to 20200/- + Grade Pay Rs. 1900 Rs.800-

Opening Date of Online Registration: 23 june 2016

Closing Date of Online Registration: 19 july 2016

Date of Examination: shall be intimated shortly

How to Apply: go through- http://bssc.bih.nic.in/

Read More
Read Less

SSC Junior Hindi Translator Answer Key 2016

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducted an All India Open Competitive Examination of SSC Junior Hindi Translator Exam 2016 on 19 June 2016. Every year, this examination is conducted to fill thousands of the vacant positions in different offices, departments and ministries.

Like every year, the SSC Junior Hindi Translator 2016 examination was a 2 hours duration examination that was conducted into two major parts:

  • Part-I: This part was of total 400 marks with multiple choice objective type questions. The questions were from the General Hindi and English languages.  
  • Part-II: This part was a conventional type exam which means that candidates were supposed to write instead of marking a correct option. The questions were based on essay writing and translation questions.  The total mars allotted to this part were 100 marks.

There is negative marking scheme for the SSC Junior Hindi Translator 2016 examination, under which 0.25 marks shall be deducted for every wrong answer.

The exam is over now and candidates are eagerly waiting for the SSC Junior Hindi Translator Answer Key 2016 to know whether they have attempted it nicely or not. In this article, we have made sure that you are provided with the SSC Junior Hindi Translator Key 2016 for the A, B, C and D codes so that you can analyze your attempt and can prepare for the further rounds if you are positive about your analysis and predictions. However we advise you to go through the official SSC Junior Hindi Translator Answer Key 2016 that will be announced by the SSC soon.  

The selection for the further rounds is made entirely on the basis of the SSC Hindi Translator Cutoff Marks 2016 that are the minimum marks need to be secure in test in order to qualify for the further sessions and rounds.

The result of the written exam of SSC Junior Hindi Translator 2016 will be declared in the month of September/October on the official website of the SSC at: http://www.ssc.nic.in/

You must subscribe and keep watching our website for all the important links to download the Answer Key of Junior Hindi Translator 2016 Exam

Read More
Read Less
View All Comments

SSC JE Syllabus 2016 – Complete Subject wise Syllabus

The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts the SSC JE Exam for the recruitment of Junior Engineers in various government departments. Thousands of candidates appear for this examination every year, giving rise to a stiff competition. The aspirants must thus be well aware of the examination pattern and syllabus and prepare accordingly. This article will provide the SSC JE Syllabus 2016 for the candidates appearing for the SSC JE Exam this year.

Examination Pattern

It is important to know the exam pattern since the knowledge of the examination pattern will help you in tackling the questions more effectively and thereby increase your chances of cracking this examination. Recruitment through this examination is essentially a two stage process, the two stages being:

  1. Written Examination
  2. Personal Interview

The pattern of the Written Examination is as follows:



Maximum Marks


Paper-I Objective type (OMR Answer Sheets will be provided for this Paper)

  1. General Intelligence & Reasoning
  2.  General Awareness
  3. Part –A General Engineering (Civil & Structural) OR Part-B General Engineering (Electrical) OR Part-C General Engineering (Mechanical)




2 hours

Paper-II Conventional Type

Part –A General Engineering (Civil & Structural)


Part – B General Engineering (Electrical) OR

 Part-C General Engineering (Mechanical)


2 hours

For each wrong answer in Paper I, there will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks. There will be no negative marking in paper II. Paper-II (Conventional Type) will be evaluated only for those candidates who qualify Paper I. The candidates who clear the minimum cutoff of both the papers will be eligible for the Interview which will carry 100 marks.

Those candidates who qualify the Written Examination are eligible for the Interview round of the SSC JE Exam. A merit list is then drawn out by the SSC taking into account the scores of both the levels and then the final recruitment is done accordingly.

SSC JE Syllabus 2016

The level of questions in the examination shall be of the standards of Diploma in Engineering from any recognized government institution. The questions will be set in SI units. The details of the syllabus are as follows:

Paper I

General Intelligence & Reasoning

The General Intelligence and reasoning section will include questions of verbal and non verbal type. The exam will include questions on topics like analogies, similarities, differences, space visualization, decision making, problem solving, discrimination, analysis, judgment, visual memory, relationship concepts, observation, arithmetical reasoning, verbal and figure classification, arithmetical number series etc. The exam will also include questions framed to test the candidate‘s abilities to deal with arithmetical computations and other analytical functions, abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships.

General Awareness

In this section, the candidates will be provided with questions relating to the current affairs and general knowledge to test his/ her awareness regarding the society we live in. This exam will include questions pertaining to Sports, History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity and Scientific Research etc relating to India and its neighbouring countries. These questions will be framed in such a manner that they do not require a special study of any discipline.

General Engineering

Part- A Civil Engineering & Structural Engineering

Civil Engineering: Building Materials, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Surveying, Soil Mechanics, Hydraulics, Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering.

Structural Engineering: Theory of Structures, Concrete Technology, RCC Design, Steel Design.

Part- B Electrical Engineering

Basic concepts, Circuit law, Magnetic Circuit, AC Fundamentals, Measurement and Measuring instruments, Electrical Machines, Fractional Kilowatt Motors and single phase induction Motors, Synchronous Machines, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Estimation and Costing, Utilization and Electrical Energy, Basic Electronics.

Part- C Mechanical Engineering

Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Properties of Pure Substances, 1st Law of Thermodynamics, 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Air standard Cycles for IC Engines, IC Engine Performance, IC Engines Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication, Rankine cycle of System, Boilers, Classification, Specification, Fitting & Accessories, Air Compressors & their cycles, Refrigeration cycles, Principle of Refrigeration Plant, Nozzles & Steam Turbines, Properties & Classification of Fluids, Fluid Statics, Measurement of Fluid Pressure, Fluid kinematics, Dynamics of Ideal fluids, Measurement of Flow rate, basic principles, Hydraulic Turbines, Centrifugal Pumps, Classification of steels.

Paper II

Part- A (Civil & Structural Engineering)

Civil Engineering

Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), asbestos products, timber and wood based products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.

Estimating, Costing and Valuation: estimate, glossary of technical terms, analysis of rates, methods and unit of measurement, Items of work – earthwork, Brick work (Modular & Traditional bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering, Boundary wall, Brick building, Water Tank, Septic tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line method, Mid-section formula, Trapezodial formula, Simpson‘s rule. Cost estimate of Septic tank, flexible pavements, Tube well, isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles and pile-caps. Valuation – Value and cost, scrap value, salvage value, assessed value, sinking fund, depreciation and obsolescence, methods of valuation.

Surveying: Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain surveying, working of prismatic compass, compass traversing, bearings, local attraction, plane table surveying, theodolite traversing, adjustment of theodolite, Leveling, Definition of terms used in leveling, contouring, curvature and refraction corrections, temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy level, methods of contouring, uses of contour map, tachometric survey, curve setting, earth work calculation, advanced surveying equipment.

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains, unit weights, density index and interrelationship of different parameters, Grain size distribution curves and their uses. Index properties of soils, Atterberg‘s limits, ISI soil classification and plasticity chart. Permeability of soil, coefficient of permeability, determination of coefficient of permeability, Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, quick sand, consolidation of soils, Principles of consolidation, degree of consolidation, pre-consolidation pressure, normally consolidated soil, e-log p curve, computation of ultimate settlement. Shear strength of soils, direct shear test, Vane shear test, Triaxial test. Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction test, Maximum dry density and optimum moisture content, earth pressure theories, active and passive earth pressures, bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard penetration test.

Hydraulics: Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli‘s theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.

Irrigation Engineering: Definition, necessity, benefits, III effects of irrigation, types and methods of irrigation, Hydrology – Measurement of rainfall, run off coefficient, rain gauge, losses from precipitation – evaporation, infiltration, etc Water requirement of crops, duty, delta and base period, Kharif and Rabi Crops, Command area, Time factor, Crop ratio, Overlap allowance, Irrigation efficiency. Different type of canals, types of canal irrigation, loss of water in canals, Canal lining- types and advantages, Shallow and deep to wells, yield from a well. Weir and barrage, Failure of weirs and permeable foundation, Slit and Scour, Kennedy‘s theory of critical velocity. Lacey‘s theory of uniform flow. Definition of floods, causes and effects, methods of flood control, water logging, preventive measure, Land reclamation, Characteristics of affecting fertility of soils, purposes, methods, description of land and reclamation processes. Major irrigation projects in India.

Transportation Engineering : Highway Engineering- cross sectional elements, geometric design, types of pavements, pavement materials – aggregates and bitumen, different tests, Design of flexible and rigid pavements- Water Bound Macadam (WBM) and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, Bituminous construction, Rigid pavement joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, Railway Engineering- Components of permanent way- sleepers, ballast, fixtures and fastening, track geometry, points and crossings, track junction, stations and yards, Traffic Engineering- Different traffic survey, speed-flow-density and their interrelationships, intersections and interchanges, traffic signals, traffic operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety.

Environmental Engineering : Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewer, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, sewage treatments, Surface water drainage, Solid waste management- types, effects, engineered management system, Air pollution- pollutants, causes, effects, control, Noise pollution- cause, health effects, control.

Structural Engineering

Theory of structures: Elasticity constants, types of beams – determinate and indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for rectangular & circular sections, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, Torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology: Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, importance of water quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structures.

RCC Design: RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of singly reinforced and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams, T-beams, lintels, One way and two way slabs, isolated footings. Reinforced brick works, columns, staircases, retaining wall, water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State and Working Stress methods).

Steel Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams roof trusses plate girders.
Part- B (Electrical engineering)

Basic concepts: Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and various factors affecting them. Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy and their units.

Circuit law: Kirchhoff’s law, Simple Circuit solution using network theorems.

Magnetic Circuit: Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of magnetic materials, Magnetic calculations for conductors of different configuration e.g. straight, circular, solenoidal, etc. Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual induction.

AC Fundamentals: Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating waves, Representation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and parallel AC Circuits consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance, Tank Circuit. Poly Phase system – star and delta connection, 3 phase power, DC and sinusoidal response of R-Land R-C circuit.

Measurement and measuring instruments: Measurement of power (1 phase and 3 phase, both active and re-active) and energy, 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase power measurement. Measurement of frequency and phase angle. Ammeter and Voltmeter (both moving coil and moving iron type), Extension of range, Wattmeter, Multimeters, Megger, Energy meter AC Bridges. Use of CRO, Signal Generator, CT, PT and their uses. Earth Fault detection.

Electrical Machines: (a) D.C. Machine – Construction, Basic Principles of D.C. motors and generators, their characteristics, speed control and starting of D.C. Motors. Method of braking motor, Losses and efficiency of D.C. Machines. (b) 1 phase and 3 phase transformers – Construction, Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, O.C. and S.C. Tests, Losses and efficiency. Effect of voltage, frequency and wave form on losses. Parallel operation of 1 phase / 3 phase transformers. Auto transformers. (c) 3 phase induction motors, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3 phase induction motors. Methods of braking, effect of voltage and frequency variation on torque speed characteristics.

Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors: Characteristics and applications.

Synchronous Machines- Generation of 3-phase e.m.f. armature reaction, voltage regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, control of active and reactive power. Starting and applications of synchronous motors.

Generation, Transmission and Distribution- Different types of power stations, Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, cost of generation, inter-connection of power stations. Power factor improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults. Switchgears – rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. Fuses, Protection against earth leakage / over current, etc. Buchholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection of generators & transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, various transmission and distribution system, comparison of conductor materials, efficiency of different system. Cable – Different type of cables, cable rating and derating factor.

Estimation and costing: Estimation of lighting scheme, electric installation of machines and relevant IE rules. Earthing practices and IE Rules.

Utilization of Electrical Energy: Illumination, Electric heating, Electric welding, Electroplating, Electric drives and motors.

Basic Electronics: Working of various electronic devices e.g. P N Junction diodes, Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT and JFET. Simple circuits using these devices.

 Part- C (Mechanical engineering)

Theory of Machines and Machine Design

Concept of simple machine, Four bar linkage and link motion, Flywheels and fluctuation of energy, Power transmission by belts – V-belts and Flat belts, Clutches – Plate and Conical clutch, Gears – Type of gears, gear profile and gear ratio calculation, Governors – Principles and classification, Riveted joint, Cams, Bearings, Friction in collars and pivots.

Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials

Equilibrium of Forces, Law of motion, Friction, Concepts of stress and strain, Elastic limit and elastic constants, Bending moments and shear force diagram, Stress in composite bars, Torsion of circular shafts, Bucking of columns – Euler‘s and Rankin‘s theories, Thin walled pressure vessels.

Thermal Engineering

Properties of Pure Substances: p-v & P-T diagrams of pure substance like H2O, Introduction of steam table with respect to steam generation process; definition of saturation, wet & superheated status, Definition of dryness fraction of steam, degree of superheat of steam. H-s chart of steam (Mollier‘s Chart).

1st Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of stored energy & internal energy, 1st Law of Thermodynamics of cyclic process, Non Flow Energy Equation, Flow Energy & Definition of Enthalpy, Conditions for Steady State Steady Flow; Steady State Steady Flow Energy Equation.

2nd Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat, Heat Engine, Heat Pump & Refrigerator; Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines & co-efficient of performance of Refrigerators, Kelvin – Planck & Clausius Statements of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Absolute or Thermodynamic Scale of temperature, Clausius Integral, Entropy, Entropy change calculation of ideal gas processes, Carnot Cycle & Carnot Efficiency, PMM-2; definition & its impossibility.

Air standard Cycles for IC engines: Otto cycle, plot on P-V, T-S Planes, Thermal Efficiency, Diesel Cycle, Plot on P-V, T-S planes, Thermal efficiency. IC Engine Performance, IC Engine Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication.

Rankine cycle of steam: Simple Rankine cycle plot on P-V, T-S, h-s planes, Rankine cycle efficiency with & without pump work.

Boilers; Classification; Specification; Fittings & Accessories: Fire Tube & Water Tube Boilers.

Air Compressors & their cycles; Refrigeration cycles; Principle of a Refrigeraton Plant; Nozzles & Steam Turbines

Fluid Mechanics & Machinery

Properties & Classification of Fluid: ideal & real fluids, Newton‘s law of viscosity, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids, compressible and incompressible fluids.

Fluid Statics: Pressure at a point.

Measurement of Fluid Pressure: Manometers, U-tube, Inclined tube.

Fluid Kinematics: Stream line, laminar & turbulent flow, external & internal flow, continuity equation.

Dynamics of ideal fluids: Bernoulli‘s equation, Total head; Velocity head; Pressure head; Application of Bernoulli‘s equitation.

Measurement of Flow rate Basic Principles: Venturimeter, Pilot tube, Orifice meter.

Hydraulic Turbines: Classifications, Principles.

Centrifugal Pumps: Classifications, Principles, Performance.

Production Engineering

Classification of Steels: mild steal & alloy steel, Heat treatment of steel, Welding – Arc Welding, Gas Welding, Resistance Welding, Special Welding Techniques i.e. TIG, MIG, etc. (Brazing & Soldering), Welding Defects & Testing; NDT, Foundry & Casting – methods, defects, different casting processes, Forging, Extrusion, etc, Metal cutting principles, cutting tools, Basic Principles of machining with (i) Lathe (ii) Milling (iii) Drilling (iv) Shaping (v) Grinding, Machines, tools & manufacturing processes.

Knowing the syllabus is the first step of preparation for any examination. Analyzing the syllabus will help you identify the important sections and also the areas to which you need to devote your maximum time.  Use this article to your advantage and decide your plan of action according to the syllabus to prepare effectively for the SSC JE Exam 2016.

All the best!

Read More
Read Less

SSC Constable GD Exam Pattern 2016

The Staff Selection Commission is an organization of the Central Government of India which conducts examinations for recruitment in the various Ministries and Departments of the Govt. of India and their Attached and Subordinate Offices to promote the development of the nation. The notifications regarding the vacancies in various government agencies and departments are released by the Commission. The candidates who fulfill the eligibility criteria can apply for them to compete for lucrative posts. Every year, a huge number of applications are received for these examinations and given their competitive nature; they are definitely a tough nut to crack.

The SSC Constable GD Exam is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission for recruitment of constables (GD) in Border Security Force (BSF), Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Special Security Forces (SSF), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Riflemen in Assam rifles etc. Every year, the commission releases a notification regarding the vacant posts on its official website. A large number of candidates appear for this examination to fill the posts and join these forces as Constables (General Duty) with the zeal to serve the nation.

This recruitment process is conducted in various stages and given the amount of competition, the candidates must be well aware of all the related proceedings in this competitive examination. With the correct know how regarding the exam, the preparation becomes focused and more efficient and the chances of clearing the exam are increased significantly. This article will provide the aspiring candidates with the necessary information regarding SSC Constable GD Exam Pattern 2016. The aspirants who are preparing for this examination this year must read this in order to get familiar with the latest syllabus and scheme of examination.

Scheme of Examination

The SSC Constable GD Exam is conducted in several stages including written examinations, physical examinations and medical examinations to test the candidate’s mental and physical strengths. The candidates are required to perform up to the minimum set standards of each stage so as to become eligible for the final recruitment. Essentially, the examination is conducted in three phases as follows:

1.Physical Standard Test (PST)/ Physical Efficiency Test (PET)

2.Written Examination

3.Medical Examination

The candidates must be well aware of the details of all of these phases of examination so as to start their preparation for the same. The necessary information is provided in the following sections.

Physical Standard Test (PST)

The Physical Standard Test constitutes one of the preliminary phases of the SSC Constable GD Exam. The candidates have to fulfill the physical standards laid down by the Commission for the post of Constable which are as follows:

  • Height: For male candidates, 170 cm is the minimum required height while it is set to 157 cm for the female aspirants.

  • Chest: The minimum standard set by the commission is unexpanded 80 cm and 5 cm minimum expansion. It is a prerequisite only for the male candidates.

  • Weight: For both male and female candidates, the weight must be proportionate to their height and age as per medical standards.

Only those candidates who meet the minimum set standards of height, chest and weight are eligible for the further stages of examination.

Physical Efficiency Test (PET)

The Physical Efficiency Test (PET) constitutes a race in which male candidates will be required to run 5 Km in 24 minutes and female candidates have to cover 1.6 Km in 8 ½ minutes. For Ladakh region, the male candidates will be required to run 1 mile in 6 ½  minutes and female candidates have to cover 800 meters in 4 minutes.

The Staff Selection Commission will conduct written examination of the candidates who qualify in both the Physical Standard Test (PST) and Physical Efficiency Test (PET). Read further to get the details of the written examination.

Written Examination

The written examination is the second phase of examination of the SSC Constable GD Exam. It is conducted after the Physical Standard Test (PST) and Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and the salient features of this phase are as follows:

  • The exam is objective type and consists of multiple choice questions (MCQ)
  • The total marks for the written examination are 100
  • The total number of questions in the written examination are 100
  • The exam is conducted for a duration of 2 hours (120 minutes)
  • The written exam consists of four sections (A, B, C & D) including General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Knowledge and Awareness, Elementary Mathematics, and Hindi/ English.
  • The questions will be of matriculation level
  • Each section consists of 25 questions
  • There will be negative marking for every wrong answer

The written exam will consist of an objective type paper with the following pattern:



No. of questions

No. of Marks

Part A

General Intelligence and Reasoning



Part B

General Knowledge and Awareness



Part C

Elementary Mathematics



Part D

Hindi/ English






The questions will be either set bilingually in Hindi and English or in accordance with the prominent regional languages such as Urdu script for J&K, Kannada for Karnataka, Marathi for Maharashtra, Gujarati for Gujarat, Bengali for West Bengal and Tripura Malayalam for Kerala, Telegu for Andhra Pradesh, Tamil for Tamil Nadu, Oriya for Orissa, Punjabi (Gurmukhi script) for Punjab, Mizo for Mizoram, Assamese for Assam and Arunachal Pradesh and Manipuri for Manipur.

The syllabus of the four sections of the written examination mentioned above is as follows:

Part A- General Intelligence and Reasoning:

The non verbal type of questions in this section will test the analytical aptitude and the ability to differentiate between patterns by observation. The important topics include Visual Memory, Observation, Analogies, Similarities and Differences, Spatial Visualization, Spatial orientation, discrimination, Relationship Concepts, Arithmetic Number Series, Non Verbal Series, Visual Memory, Arithmetical Reasoning and figural Classification, Coding and Decoding etc. The candidates should practice all of these kinds of questions to score well in this section.

Part B- General Knowledge and Awareness:

The General Knowledge and Awareness section will consist of questions which will be aimed at testing the candidate’s knowledge regarding his/her surrounding. The questions will be framed so as to test the knowledge of current events and of the matters of every day observations and experience of the candidates. It will include questions relating to Sports, History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scenario, General Polity, Indian Constitution, and Scientific Research etc regarding India and its neighboring countries. These questions will be general and do not require a detailed study of any discipline.

General Knowledge cannot be improved within a short span of time. So, the candidates should read newspapers daily so as to remain aware of the current happenings in their surrounding environment and tackle this section effectively.

Part C- Elementary Mathematics:

This section will include questions on the topics such as Number Systems, Relationship between Numbers, Computation of Whole Numbers, Decimals and Fractions, Fundamental arithmetical operations, Percentages, Ratio and Proportion, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Time and Distance, Ratio and Time, Time and Work, Mensuration etc.

The candidates must practice this section efficiently for mathematics is not a skill which can be acquired in a short duration of time. One has to practice all kinds of questions regularly to develop mathematical skills and efficiency.

Part D- Hindi/ English:

This section will test the candidate’s knowledge and ability to understand basic English and Hindi. The comprehension skills will also be tested.

English: It will include questions from the topics such as- Synonyms/ Homonyms, Antonyms,  Idioms & Phrases, One word substitution, , Spellings/ Detecting Mis-spelt words, Improvement of Sentences, Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs, Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration, Spot the Error, Fill in the Blanks, Shuffling of Sentence parts, Shuffling of Sentences in a passage, Cloze Passage, Comprehension Passage etc.

All the questions of every component shall be of the matriculation level. The detailed instructions for the written exam and the specimen OMR sheet can be viewed on the commission’s official website.

Medical Examination

The Staff Selection Commission shall fix different qualifying standards for candidates belonging to different categories in different states/UTs, taking into consideration vacancies and shall have the sole discretion to do so. The candidates will have to score above the cut off marks fixed by the Commission in Written Examination to qualify for the final level of selection. The candidates who have cleared the minimum cut off of the written examination have to appear for a medical examination.

Medical boards constituted by the CAPF will medically examine the selected candidates to assess their physical and medical fitness in accordance with the standards set by the Commission. Medical Tests including X-Ray and other laboratory tests shall be conducted for such candidates who are found fit after passing through all the levels of examination. The physical well being of the candidates will be checked through medical tests.The following are some of medical standards that the candidates must abide by for recruitment through this examination:

  • The candidates must not have knock knee, flat foot, varicose vein and squint in eyes. They must have good physical and mental health for performing duties in all regions including high altitudes.
  • Also, the candidates must be fit to serve in the border areas having extreme climatic conditions and must be free from any physical or mental defect which might interfere with the performance of their duties.
  • Eye Sight:

Visual Acuity Unaided
(Near Vision)

Uncorrected Visual Acuity
(Distant Vision)



Better Eye

Worse Eye

Better Eye

Worse Eye

Visual Correction of any kind is not permitted even by glasses.

– In right handed person, the right eye is better eye and vice-versa.
– Binocular vision is required.





Temporary unfitness will not be allowed In case of medical examination. However, in case of any female candidate who is found to be pregnant (twelve weeks or above) during the medical examination, she shall be declared temporarily unfit. The medical examination of such a candidate will be held in abeyance until the confinement is over.

Also, the candidates who have been declared unfit may file an appeal to the designated authority in the CAPFs within 15 days of being declared unfit by the medical board.

All the candidates seeking recruitment to the CAPFs as Constables must go through all the stages of examination, with no exception. There will be three stages of recruitment and the movement to the subsequent levels is subject to the performance in the previous level. The initial stages of examination will include the Physical Standard Test (PST) and Physical Efficiency Test (PET) which will test the physical strength of the candidates. Only those candidates who satisfy the minimum standards set by the Commission are eligible for the subsequent Objective type Written Examination. The Written Examination will comprise of four sections with a total of 25 marks each. The Commission shall set up the minimum cut off marks for qualifying this examination. Those candidates who clear this cut off will further have to undergo a medical examination. The medical examination will be the final step of selection and the candidates who clear this round will be eligible for the final recruitment.

Every year, lakhs of candidates apply for the SSC Constable GD Exam. Most of the candidates are often not able to comprehend how to begin their preparation. It thus leads to unwanted stresses and pressures which in turn affects their overall performance. When you are appearing for an examination with this level of competition, it is important to be well aware of the examination pattern. It not only gives you a glimpse of what is necessary to be done but also helps you in preparing your plan of action.

This article was aimed at providing you with the necessary details of the examination scheme and syllabus of the SSC Constable GD Exam so as to help you in preparing effectively. Read it carefully and decide your course of action.

For more details and updates, stay tuned to the official website of the Staff Selection Commission - http://www.ssc.nic.in

Read More
Read Less

SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016

SSC (Staff Selection Board) is a highly renowned government body in India which is known for conducting various kinds of examination every year to fill thousands of different profile jobs for various government offices, departments and ministries. The jobs which are generated under SSC are purely on the basis of educational backgrounds.

Every year, aspiring candidates eagerly wait for the SSC examinations to achieve their career dream and aim. If you are willing to take a challenging role after your 12th standard, then SSC CHSL examination 2016 is the best way to set a perfect government job career.

One needs to be very well aware of examination pattern 2016, eligibility, syllabus, topics covered, marking scheme and SSC CHSL selection procedure so that preparation is done in the best possible way which ultimately will make you qualify in the SSC CHSL Exam 2016.  

You need to set a steady time table and focus on answering maximum questions correctly within an allotted time period to get selected in SSC CHSL Examination 2016.

You do not have to take stress as this article is to acquaint you well about the complete SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016 but before that we are going to discuss a little about SSC CHSL examination 2016 so that you are aware of it inside out.

What is covered under the SSC CHSL examination?

SSC (Staff Selection Board) conducts Combined Higher Secondary Level (10+2) Examination for the post of Lower Division Clerk/Data Entry Operator every year. It is mandatory for all the candidates who are applying for the examination to pass 12th Standard or equivalent from a recognized board or university. 

It is important to know about the complete pattern of the SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016 as better idea about the selection procedure will provide you adequate chances to crack this examination in your first shot.

SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016

SSC follows a very strict examination pattern to fill in vacant positions with the potential candidates. Candidates need to know these patterns from stating to the beginnings so that qualifying SSC examinations becomes effortless.

SSC CHSL examination 2016 is also based on a particular selection pattern having two major phases/steps and candidates are supposed to pass both the steps in order to get paced successfully.

 If the first phase of SSC CHSL examination 2016 is qualified with the minimum marks or cut off marks, then candidates are called for the next phase of SSC CHSL examination 2016 and after passing it, they are finally placed in the organizations as per the seats availability.

The given below table show highlights about the SSC CHSL examination 2016 for your better clarity and understanding.

Entry Officers (DEO) and Lower Division Clerk (LDC)

Total Phases/Steps



1. SSC CHSL Written Examination

2. SSC CHSL Skill/Typing Test

Now, let us see both the steps/phases followed under the Selection Procedure of SSC CHSL 2016 Examination in more details.

Phase-I: SSC CHSL Examination 2016

This is the first step under the Selection Procedure of SSC CHSL 2016 Examination that need to be qualified in order to be called for the next phase which is, Skill test. Every candidate is allotted a rank on the basis of the marks obtained in the SSC CHSL Written Examination 2016 and selection  for the Skill Test is made on the basis of the merit list released by the SSC.

You must make sure that you score higher in the SSC CHSL Written Examination so that you have a higher chance of getting a call for the Skill Test phase.

The table shows complete details about the Phase I of SSC CHSL 2016 Examination Selection Procedure so that you equip yourself well for this phase and come out with flying colors.

Total Questions


Total Sections


Each section carried how much marks?


Major Sections

1. General Intelligence &Reasoning,

2. English Language,

3. Quantitative Aptitude and

4.  General Awareness.

Marking Scheme

Negative marking is applicable.

For every right answer candidate is awarded one mark and

For every wrong answer, deduction of 1 mark is done.

In case, you have not answered any question then there is no negative marking for that question.

Total Time Allotted

2 Hours

Exam Pattern

Multiple choice questions

Phase-II: SSC CHSL Skill Test 2016

This is the second phase under the Selection Procedure of SSC CHSL 2016 Examination that needs to be qualified for the final placement call. Those who qualify SSC CHSL Written Examination have to go through the skill test/typing test for the LDC (Lower Division Clerk) /DEO (Data Entry Operator) posts.

SSC CHSL Skill Test for the position of DEO or Data Entry Operators

It is mandatory for every candidate (who has applied for the post of Data Entry Operator) to go through the CHSL Skill test after he/she has qualified the written exam.

About SSC CHSL Skill Test, there are various things that must be remembered in order to qualify it. The major pointers have been jotted down here for your assistance:

The candidates need to maintain a data entry speed of 8000 key depressions on a computer per hour.

The speed would be calculated only based on the correct/right spelled words typed in an hour by the candidates as per the given passage/Comprehension.

Candidates would get a total of 15 minutes typing time in this examination.

*Printed matter for typing is given to the candidates in advance so that they can type from seeing into the paper*

**The printed matter in English language which would contain about 2000- 2200 strokes/key-depressions would be provided to each candidate**

If you want to qualify this level/phase of SSC CHSL examinations 2016, then you must practice typing a lot that too correctly and within 15 minutes of time period.

You must set 15 minutes on a timer and then practice typing everyday as this will help you in recognizing your capabilities and weak spots.

SSC CHSL Typing Test for the position of LDC or Lower Division Clerk

All those who have applied for the Lower Division Clerk (LDC) posts need to go through SSC CHSL typing test after passing the written test.

The candidates can choose either Hindi or English as their language for giving the typing test.

The test would be taken on a computer and need to specify which language they are interested to give the typing test while filling the application form.

Candidates who will opt for English would have to achieve typing speed of 35 words per minute in order to qualify.

Candidates who will opt for the Hindi language as the option need to achieve typing speed of 30 words per minute to qualify.

Practice is the key to qualify in the typing test so ensure that you are practicing as per the required criterion.

SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016- Final Selection

After the Skill/Typing test is qualified, then candidates will be recommended by SSC on the basis of the marks obtained in the SSC CHSL Written Exam 2016. Allocation of candidates will be made to User Departments depending upon their merit position and the option exercised by them.

It must be noted that qualifying in both the phases of SSC CHSL Exam 2016 does not mean that you obtain any right to get appointed as commission ensures that necessary background check is carried out done thoroughly before making any final appointments.

The decision of the Commission in all matters relating to age/educational eligibility, acceptance or rejection of the applications, penalty for false information, conduct of examination(s), mode of selection, allotment of examination centers, selection and allotment of posts/organizations to selected candidates will be final and no enquiry/correspondence will be entertained in this regard.

SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016- Category Wise

Here is the complete information about the selection procedure that shall be followed for the special category candidates.

  1. If you fall under any one of the categories like Schedule Castes, Schedule Tribes, Other Backward Classes, and Physically Handicapped candidates and selection is made on the basis of the own merit without relaxed standards, along with candidates belonging to other communities, then there will not be any adjustment against the reserved share of vacancies
  2. An Ex-Serviceman or Physically Handicapped (OH/VH/HH) category candidate who qualifies on the basis of relaxed standards such as age limit, experience or qualifications, permitted number of chances in written examination, extended zone of consideration, etc. is to be counted against reserved vacancies and not against general vacancies.

What will happen to the tie cases under SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016?

SSC has made sure that all the tie cases, which mean that if two different candidates scores same marks in the CHSL examination 2016 are sorted on a very fair terms.

The following scenarios shall be applied till such cases are sorted:

  • Total marks scored in the written examination.
  • Date of Birth, with older candidate placed higher
  • Alphabetical order in which the first names of the candidates appear.

You can check all the latest updates related to the SSC CHSL Selection Procedure 2016 through the given link: http://www.ssc.nic.in/

Read More
Read Less

317 Vacancy in U.P. Co-operative Institutional Service Board 2016: Online Submission is 16 july 2016

U.P. Co-operative Institutional Service Board 2016 invites applications for 317 vacancies. Online Registration ends on 16th july 2016. 

Vacancy Details:

      Name of the Post                         Co-operative Superviser
         No. of Posts                                      317
            Salary      Rs. 5200/- to 20200 + Grade Pay Rs. 2000/-

Date of Examination: Shall be intimated shortly

Educational Qualification: Graduation in any discipline

Age: 21 to 30 years

Important Dates:

Opening Date For Submission Of Online Application 17 june 2016
Closing Date For Submission Of Online Application  16 july 2016
End Date for receipt of Application Fee 19 july 2016

Application Fee:

General Rs. 500/-
OBC Rs. 500/-
SC/ST Rs. 200/-
PWD Rs. 200/-

Mode of Application: Online

Mode of Examination: Offline

Process of Selection:  Written Examination and Personal Interview

How to Apply: go though- www.upsevamandal.org

Read More
Read Less

RRB NTPC 2016 Result Notification - Result under Process

Recently RRB conducted online examination for a total of 18272 vacancies for Non-technical vacancy  for the recruitment of Goods Guard, Junior Accounts Assistant-cum-Typist, Enquiry-cum-Reservation Clerk, Traffic Apprentice, Clerk-cum-Typist, Commercial Apprentice, Assistant Station Master, Traffic Assistant & Senior Time Keeper posts. 

The advertisement (CEN 03/2015) regarding the exam was published in December 2015. Nearly 1 crore candidates appeared in the examination. They are eagerly waiting for the result of RRB NTPC 2016. 

In an important update regarding the result, RRB has informed that the final results are being processed and further update regarding the result date of RRB NTPC 2016 will be issued within 15 days. Since the details are confidential in nature, it can't be revealed at the moment as per RRB notice. So, you may have to wait for another fortnight for a clear picture.

Steps to check RRB NTPC Result 2016:
1. Select your railway zone and visit their website. For Example – RRB Allahabad , RRB Thiruvanathapuram etc.
2. Go to the result section.
3. Check for CEN 03/15 Notification
4. Login with your registration no. & password.
5. Take a printout of the result for further reference.

RRB Merit List 2016:

After the declaration of result, merit list will be drawn based on the post. The candidates in the merit list are eligible for the interview. Certain posts need further skill test( typing test etc.).

The selection of the candidates for the posts of CA, ECRC, Goods Guard & TA will be done through Single stage computer based test followed by document verification

The selection of the candidates for the posts of Sr. Clerk cum typist, Junior Account Assistant, and St. Time Keeper will be done through Single stage computer based test, Typing skill test followed by document verification.

The selection of the candidates for the posts of ASM and traffic assistant will be done through Single stage computer based test, Aptitude test followed by document verification.
All the candidates are advised to keep the documents ready for the verification process.

Read More
Read Less
View All Comments